John Harun Mwau -The most common triggers for anaphylaxis
The most common triggers for anaphylaxis are medications, insect stings, latex, and food, but they can be caused by any allergen. The most common food allergens in the United States are:
• Tree nuts
Even a very tiny portion of an allergen can trigger anaphylaxis. Cross-contamination during food preparation can introduce enough of an allergen into a safe food to cause a reaction.
You cannot predict the severity of an allergic reaction based on previous reactions. You may have anaphylaxis from eating something that in the past only gave you hives.
Anaphylaxis and Other Diseases
Some conditions that can increase the risk or severity of anaphylaxis are:
• Asthma - Poorly controlled asthma has been linked to fatal anaphylaxis in adolescents and young adults.
• Heart disease - Cardiovascular disease is a risk factor for fatal anaphylaxis in older adults.
• Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) - COPD and other diseases that make breathing difficult may increase the risk of anaphylaxis.
• Mastocytosis - A disease that causes the body to overproduce mast cells (the cells that release histamine in an allergic reaction.)
• Some medications may interfere with epinephrine. If you are at risk for anaphylaxis, talk to your doctor about the other medications you take.
Exercise-induced anaphylaxis (EIA) is a perplexing problem that usually develops in adulthood. EIA may or may not involve a food allergy trigger, but people with EIA are generally able to tolerate the food allergen when they do not exercise after eating.
About 75% of the people who experience EIA are women. The most common food triggers of exercise-induced anaphylaxis are shellfish, alcohol, tomatoes, cheese and celery.
Shaan Stevens, Michael Bu
Flag This Item